排列三和值走势图

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航空煤油涡轮流量计标准装置测定


文章日期:2018-11-29|阅读数:次


ZHAIYAO:ZAIFENXIBIAOZHUNBIAOFAYETILIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIJIBENGONGZUOYUANLIDEJICHUSHANGDUIZHUANGZHIJIEGOUJINXINGLESHEJI, ZHONGDIANDUIWOLUNLIULIANGJIDEXUANXINGYIJIQIANHOUZHIGUANDUANDEZHANGDUQUEDING, BUTONGWENDUXIA3#HANGKONGMEIYOUDENIANDUDUIYUZHIGUANDUANYAOQIUBUTONG, ZHIGUANDUANDEHELIXUANZESHIWOLUNLIULIANGJIJILIANGZHUNQUEYUFOUDEQIANTI。BINGQUEDINGLIULIANGJI、WENDUBIANSONGQI、YALIBIANSONGQIDEXUANXINGFANGAN, JICHULEZHUANGZHIYIBIAODEJIANDINGSHIYANJIEGUO。BINGQIETONGGUOXIANCHANGSHIYANLAIYANZHENGZHUANGZHIDEKEXINGXING, WEIBIAOZHUNBIAOFALIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDESHISHIYUTUIGUANGTIGONGYIJU。

0、引言:排列三和值走势图标准装置按计量器具可分为称重法、容积法和标准表法[1]。其中标准表法是利用流体力学连续性原理将标准表和被检表串联连接, 用标准表和相关的温度、压力等仪表给出标准累积流量, 然后与被检表的累积流量比较, 确定被检表的技术指标。标准表法流量标准装置相对其他标准装置有结构简单、工作效率高、操作简单等突出优点, 特别是可以给出更宽的流量范围[2]。

排列三和值走势图   BIAOZHUNFAYETILIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIZHONG***ZHONGYAODEYIQIJIUSHIBIAOZHUNBIAO, BENZHUANGZHIZHONGXUANYONGWOLUNLIULIANGJIZUOWEIBIAOZHUNBIAO。ZI20SHIJI50NIANDAIMOQI, GUONEIWAIXUEZHEDUIWOLUNLIULIANGJIDEXINGNENGYINGXIANGZUOLEDALIANGDESHIYAN, BINGXIANHOUTICHULEWOLUNLIULIANGJIDELILUNMOXING, QIZHONGYIThompson[3]TICHUDEMOXING***JUDAIBIAOXING。WUGUOBINDENG[4]ZAIThompsonMOXINGDEJICHUSHANGLILUNYUCELENIANDUDUIWOLUNLIULIANGJIXINGNENGDEYINGXIANG。GUONEIWAIDUIYULIULIANGYIBIAOJIANDINGZHUANGZHIKAIZHANLESHENRUYANJIU。Roger C.BakerDENG[5]JIYURONGJIFASHEJILEDIANZIXIAOZHUNXITONG, SUIRANQIZHUNQUEDUNENGMANZU, DANRENGSHUYUCHUANTONGDERONGJIXIAOZHUNFA, BINGQIECUNZAIJIAODADEZAOSHENG, DUIYUDALIULIANGDEHANGKONGMEIYOUXIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIBINGBUSHIYONG。GUANYUWOLUNLIULIANGJIDEXIAOZHUNZHUANGZHI, Grady H.Stevens[6]CAIYONGYACHASHILIULIANGJIXIAOZHUNWOLUNLIULIANGJI, TONGSHIDUILIUTITIANJIAZHENGXIANRAODONG, TONGGUOYIDUANZHIGUANDUANYUNXINGPINGWENHOUJINRUCHAYASHILIULIANGJI, JINERDECHUBUTONGDELIULIANGZHIJINXINGBIJIAO。ZHEIZHONGXIAOZHUNFANGFAKEYIRENWEISHIBIAOZHUNBIAOFADEYIZHONG, QIZHONGFUXINGQIANG, BIJIAOSHIYONG, DANQIZHUNQUEDUBUGAO, DUIYUGAOZHUNQUEDUYAOQIUDEHANGKONGMEIYOULIULIANGZHUANGZHIDEJIANDINGWUFAMANZUYAOQIU。GUONEIWAIGUANYUXIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEYANJIUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAICHUANTONGDEZHILIANGFAHETIJIFA[7]。CHUANTONGDEXIAOYANFANGFAWUFAMANZUDUIGAOZHUNQUEDUYIBIAODEJIANDING。DUICI, YOUGUONEIXUEZHESHIXIANLETUPO, CAIYONGBIAOZHUNTIJIGUANFA, NENGSHIXIANDUICELIANGZHUNQUEDUDEYAOQIU, DANQICELIANGFANWEIJIAOXIAO, BINGQIEMEIYOUDUIBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEDONGTAIXINGNENGZUOCHUYANJIU。LIULIANGJILIANGJINGGUOZHANGQIDEFAZHAN, YIJINGYINGYONGZAIGEGELINGYU。WOLUNLIULIANGJIYINJUYOUZHUNQUEDUGAO、XIANGYINGKUAI、CELIANGFANWEIKUANDENGYOUDIAN, GUONEIWAIXUEZHEDUIQIKAIZHANLEDALIANGDESHIYANJIFANGZHENYANJIU[8], SHENRULEJIETADETEXING, CHUANGZAOGENGGAOZHUNQUEDUDEWOLUNLIULIANGJILAIZUOWEIBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEBIAOZHUNBIAOLAIJIANDINGDAICELIULIANGJI。

排列三和值走势图   YOUYUNIANDUDUIWOLUNLIULIANGJIXINGNENGDEYINGXIANGJIAODA, WOLUNLIULIANGJIZUOWEIBIAOZHUNBIAODADUOYINGYONGYUQITILIULIANGDEJILIANG, DUIYUDINIANDUDEYETIJILIANG, WOLUNLIULIANGJITONGYANGYOUZHEJIAOGAODEZHUNQUEDU。BENZHUANGZHIJIUSHIYUNYONGWOLUNLIULIANGJIZUOWEIBIAOZHUNBIAODEBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDUI3#HANGKONGMEIYOUJINXINGLIULIANGJILIANG。

1、涡轮流量计测量模型:

排列三和值走势图   WOLUNLIULIANGJISHIYIZHONGSUDUSHILIULIANGYIBIAO, TAYIDONGLIANGSHOUHENGYUANLIWEIJICHU。LIUTICHONGJIYELUN, SHIYELUNXUANZHUAN, YELUNDEXUANZHUANSUDUSUILIULIANGDEBIANHUAERBIANHUA, GENJUYELUNZHUANSUQIUCHULIULIANGZHI。GENJUERYUANLIUDONGMOXING, CONGLIUTILIXUEJICHULILUNCHUFA, YUNYONGERYUANBIANJIECENGLILUNHEYEZHALILUNTICHUWOLUNLIULIANGNIANXINGMOCAZULIJUHEQUDONGLIJUDELILUNMOXING:

计算公式  

排列三和值走势图   SHIZHONG, WOLUNLIULIANGJIZAILIXIANGDEGONGZUOZHUANGTAIXIA, WOLUNLIULIANGJIDEYIBIAOXISHUKSHICHANGSHU, QIWULIYIYIJIUSHIDANWEITIJIqvDEMAICHONGSHUf, RUSHI (1) SUOSHI。DANSHIJIGONGZUOZHONGWOLUNLIULIANGJIDEGONGZUOZHUANGTAIBINGFEILIXIANGDEGONGZUOZHUANGTAI, BEICELIUTITONGGUOYELUNSHIHUICHANSHENGYIXIAJIZHONGLIJU:JINRUWOLUNLIULIANGJIDELIUTIDUIWOLUNYEPIANCHANSHENGDETUIDONGLIJUTr, YOUYUYELUNZHOUYUZHOUCHENGMOCAERCHANSHENGDEJIXIEZULIJUTrm, BEICELIUTITONGGUOWOLUNLIULIANGJIYELUNSHIDUIYELUNCHANSHENGDELIUDONGZULIJUTrf, WOLUNLIULIANGJIZHONGDIANCIZHUANHUANQIDUIWOLUNLIULIANGJIYELUNCHANSHENGDEDIANCILIJUTre。GENJUNIUDUNYUNDONGDINGLV, KEYITUISUANCHURUSHI (2) DEWOLUNLIULIANGJIYELUNDEYUNDONGFANGCHENG。GENJUWOLUNLIULIANGJIYELUNJINCHUKOUSUDUSANJIAOXINGFENXIJISUAN, KEDECHURUSHI (3) DEWOLUNLIULIANGJIDECELIANGMOXING, QIZHONGZWEIYELUNLIULIANGJIDEYEPIANSHU, WEIWOLUNYEPIANDEJIEGOUJIAO。YISHANGSHIWOLUNLIULIANGJIDECELIANGMOXING, KEYIDINGXINGDIMIAOSHUWOLUNLIULIANGJIDEJIBENTEXING。

2、装置的结构设计与分析:

2.1、标准表法流量标准装置的结构设计:

  GENJUJIAYOUJIDEJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENG, JIAYOUJILIULIANGJIXUYAODINGQIQUJIANDINGBUMENJIANDINGYIBIAODEZHUNQUEDU, JIANDINGGUOCHENGZHONGYIBIAODEYUNSHUXUYAOHAOFEIHENZHANGDESHIJIAN、JINGLIYIJICAILI。BENZHUANGZHISHEJIDECHUZHONGSHIWEIJILIANGJIANDINGBUMENZHIZAOCHUBIANYUXIEDAI、KEYIDONGDEBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHI, WEIJILIANGJIANDINGRENYUANDUIJICHANGJIAYOUJILIULIANGJIANDINGSHIJIESHENGYIDINGDESHIJIANHEJINGLI。BIAOZHUNBIAOZHUANGZHIDECHUXIANKEYIDADAJIEYUEJIANDINGSUOXUYAODESHIJIANCHENGBEN。GENJUJIANDINGXIANCHANGDEXUQIU, BIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEZHANGDUBUNENGDAYU1.5 m。BIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIZHONGBIAOZHUNBIAOXUANYONGDESHIGAOZHUNQUEDUDEWOLUNLIULIANGJI。WOLUNLIULIANGJIJILIANGZHUNQUEDEQIANTISHIZAIWOLUNLIULIANGDEQIANHOUDUANYAOBAOCHIZUGOUDEZHIGUANDUAN, ZHIGUANDUANSHIBEICELIUTIJINRUWOLUNLIULIANGJIZHIQIANLIUDONGZHUANGTAIWENDINGJUNYUNDEQIANZHIZHUANGZHI。

排列三和值走势图   RUTU1SUOSHI, BIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIYOUGUOLVQI、ZHENGLIUQI、YALIBIANSONGQI、QIANZHIGUANDUAN、WOLUNLIULIANGJI、HOUZHIGUANDUAN、WENDUBIANSONGQI、QIUFAZUCHENG。JIYUXIANCHANGTIAOJIANDUIZHUANGZHIDEYAOQIU, BIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIZHANGDUYOUXIAN, GUXUJIAWANGUAN, ZAIJINGGUOGUOLVQIDEWANGUANHEZHIGUANDUANZHIJIANJIAYOUZHENGLIUQI, QIMUDESHIRANGLIUTIZAIYOUXIANDEZHIGUANDUANZHONGGENGWENDING, CONGERBAOZHENGCELIANGZHUNQUEDU。FEIJIJIAYOUJILIULIANGCHUKOUJIETOUWEIHJS-63AHANGKONGYALIJIAYOUJIETOU, TONGGUOJIAYOURUANGUANYUBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIRUKOUHDF63XINGHANGKONGSHUYOUJIETOUFALIANJIE。JINKOULIUTIYICITONGGUOGUOLVQI、ZHENGLIUQI、WOLUNLIULIANGJI、QIUFAHOU, YONGHJS-63AHANGKONGYALIJIAYOUJIETOUYUJIAYOUJIHUIYOUGUANLUHDF63XINGHANGKONGSHUYOUJIETOUFALIANJIE。

排列三和值走势图   TU2SHIZHUANGZHIDEDIANQILIANJIEYUANLITU, WOLUNLIULIANGJIDEMAICHONGXINHAO、WENDUBIANSONGQIHEYALIBIANSONGQIDEXINHAOLIANJIEZHILIULIANGJISUANYI, TONGGUORS485-USBJIETOU, GEGEXINHAOLIANJIEZHIBIJIBENDIANNAOJINXINGCAIJIHEJISUAN, GEYONGDIANQIDEDIANYUANJUNYOUUPSDIANYUANTIGONG。

图1 标准装置原理图

排列三和值走势图 TU1 BIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIYUANLITU

 

图2 电气连接原理图

TU2 DIANQILIANJIEYUANLITU

  BIAOZHUNBIAOFALIULIANGYIBIAOJIANDINGXITONGRUANJIAN (TU3) KEYIGENJUBEICELIUTIYIJIYIBIAODEWUXINGTIAOJIANJINXINGSHEZHI, KEYICAIJIMAICHONGSHU、WENDU、YALI、SHIJIAN、SHUNSHIJILEIJILIULIANGDENGSHUJU。BIAODINGJIESHUHOU, CAIJIDEBIAOZHUNBIAOLEIJILIULIANGHESHURUBEICEBIAODELEIJILIULIANGJINXINGBIDUIJISUAN。

图3 标准表法流量仪表检定系统软件界面

TU3 BIAOZHUNBIAOFALIULIANGYIBIAOJIANDINGXITONGRUANJIANJIEMIAN

2.2、BIAOZHUNBIAOFALIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEKEXINGXINGFENXI:

  YETILIULIANGDEJILIANGFANGFAZHUYAOKEYIFENWEIBIAOZHUNRONGQIFAHEBIAOZHUNBIAOFA。BIAOZHUNRONGQIFA:BIAOZHUNRONGQIXIAOYANYETILIULIANGYOUKEYIFENWEILIANGZHONG, JIDONGTAIXIAOYANFAHEJINGTAIXIAOYANFA。DONGTAIXIAOYANFASHIRANGBEICELIUTIANZHAOYIDINGDELIULIANGLIURUBIAOZHUNRONGQI, ANZHAOYIDINGDESHIJIANDUCHUBIAOZHUNRONGQIYEMIANDESHANGSHENGLIANG, HUOZHEDUCHUYEMIANSHANGSHENGYIDINGGAODUSUOXUYAODESHIJIAN。JINGTAIXIAOYANFASHIRANGYIDINGLIANGTIJIDELIUTIJINRUBIAOZHUNRONGQI, CEDINGCONGKAISHIDAOJIESHUSUOXUYAODESHIJIAN。BIAOZHUNRONGQIFAYOUJIAOGAODEJILIANGZHUNQUEDU, RANERZAIBIAODINGDALIULIANGSHI, ZHIZAODAXINGJINGMIDEBIAOZHUNRONGQIBIJIAOKUNNAN。LINGWAI, JIAYOUJILIULIANGBIJIAODA, JINRUBIAOZHUNRONGQISHIHANGKONGMEIYOUHUIHUNRUKONGQIYINGXIANGJILIANGZHUNQUEDU。BIAOZHUNBIAOFASHIYONGZHUNQUEDUGENGGAODEYIBIAOZUOWEIBIAOZHUNYIBIAODUIQITALIULIANGJIJINXINGXIAOZHUN, YONGZUOGAOZHUNQUEDULIULIANGJIYOURONGJISHI、WOLUNSHI、DIANCISHIHECHAYASHIDENGXINGSHI。BIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIXUANYONGDESHIGAOZHUNQUEDUDEWOLUNLIULIANGJI。

BIAO1 YETIWOLUNLIULIANGJIZHUNQUEDUDENGJI

表1 液体涡轮流量计准确度等级

  GENJUWOLUNLIULIANGJIJIANDINGGUICHENG[10], ZHUANGZHIDEKUOZHANBUQUEDINGDUYINGBUDAYULIULIANGJI***DAYUNXUWUCHADE1/3。YOUYUJIAYOUJIYIBIAOZHUNQUEDUDENGJIWEI0.2JI, QI***DAYUNXUWUCHAYINGWEI±0.2%, ZUOWEIBIAOZHUNBIAOBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIYIBIAODE***DAYUNXUWUCHAYINGWEI±0.067%。BENBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIZHONGWOLUNLIULIANGJIDECHUCHANGCANSHUWEIYIBIAODE***DAWUCHAJI0.125%, YIBIAODEZHONGFUXINGWEI0.02%。DANCONGYIBIAODE***DAYUNXUWUCHAFANGMIANKAOLV, YIBIAOBUNENGMANZUZUOWEIBIAOZHUNBIAOJIANDINGDEZHUNQUEDU。DANDUIJIAYOUJIBIAODING, SHIDINGDIANBIAODING。GENJUDINGDIANBIAODINGDEYUANLI, YIBIAODEZHONGFUXINGKEYIZUOWEIZHUNQUEDUDENGJIQUXIAOZHUNJIAYOUJIDELIULIANGJI。

  GENJULIULIANGJIANDINGZHUANGZHIDEYAOQIU, LIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIJIQIPEITAOYIBIAOJUNYINGJUYOUYOUXIAODEJIANDINGZHENGSHU。

  WOLUNLIULIANGJI;XIAOZHUNYONGLIUTI:RP-3HANGKONGMEIYOUXIAOZHUNYONGLIUTIWENDU24.3℃;LIULIANGFANWEI:71.967~89.849 m3/h。

  YOUBIAO2WOLUNLIULIANGJIJIANDINGJIEGUOXIANSHI, YIBIAOXISHUDEBUQUEDINGDUWEI0.06%, ERJIAYOUJIYIBIAOZHUNQUEDUDENGJIWEI0.2JI, GENJUWOLUNLIULIANGJIJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENG, ZHUANGZHIDEKUOZHANQUEDINGDUBUDAYULIULIANGJI***DAYUNXUWUCHADE1/3。BIAO3、BIAO4XIANSHIWENDUBIANSONGQIHEYALIBIANSONGQIDEKUOZHANBUQUEDINGDUMANZUXIANGYINGDEJILIANGJIANDINGGUICHENG。YOUCIKEDECHUJIELUN, BENZHUANGZHIKEYIZUOWEILIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIJIANDINGHANGKONGMEIYOUDELIULIANG。DUIYUWENDUYALIDECELIANG, GENJUYAOQIU, WENDUCELIANGBUQUEDINGDUSUOYINQIDELIULIANGCELIANGBUQUEDINGDUYINGBUCHAOGUOBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIKUOZHANBUQUEDINGDUDE1/5, YALICELIANGBUQUEDINGDUSUOYINQIDELIULIANGCELIANGBUQUEDINGDUYINGBUCHAOGUOBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIKUOZHANBUQUEDINGDUDE1/5。

排列三和值走势图 BIAO2 WOLUNLIULIANGJIXIAOZHUNJIEGUO

表2 涡轮流量计校准结果

排列三和值走势图 BIAO3 WENDUBIANSONGQIXIAOZHUNJIEGUO

表3 温度变送器校准结果

排列三和值走势图 BIAO4 YALIBIANSONGQIXIAOZHUNJIEGUO

表4 压力变送器校准结果

3、装置的不确定度分析:

  GENJUBIAOZHUNBIAOFALIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEBUQUEDINGDUYAOQIU, DUIZHUANGZHIBUQUEDINGDUJINXINGFENXI, BIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIHECHENGBUQUEDINGDUCELIANGMOXINGWEI

计算公式

 

  SHIZHONG:u1——BIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIDINGDIANSHIYONGSHIALEIBUQUEDINGDU;

u2——JISHIQIDEALEIBIAOZHUNBUQUEDINGDU;

u3——JISHIQIDEBLEIBIAOZHUNBUQUEDINGDU;

u4——BIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIBUDAIPEITAOYIBIAOYIQIJIANDINGSHI

YINQIDELIULIANGCELIANGBUQUEDINGDU, DAIPEITAOYIBIAODEBIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIYINGDAIPEITAOYIBIAOYIQIJIANDING, FOUZEYINGKAOLVPEITAOYIBIAODEBUQUEDINGDU;

u5——BIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIJIANDINGHESHIYONGDELIUTITIAOJIANBUTONGYINQIDELIULIANGCELIANGBUQUEDINGDU;

排列三和值走势图 u6——SHUJUCAIJI、XINHAOCHULI、SHUJUCHULIJITONGXINBUQUEDINGDUYINQIDELIULIANGCELIANGBUQUEDINGDU;

排列三和值走势图 u7——JIANDINGBIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIDELIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEHECHENGBUQUEDINGDU

  QIZHONG, BENZHUANGZHIZHONGLIULIANGJISUANYICAIYONGXMFL-7BIAOZHUNLIULIANGJISUANYI, YOUJIAOGAODEFENBIANLI。DUIYUSHUNSHILIANGZAILIULIANGCHUYU100~1 000 L/minSHI, FENBIANLIWEIBAIFENZHIYI (JI0.01) GEDANWEI, DUIMAICHONGWEI0.01 Hz。DUIYULEIJILIULIANGZAI10~10 000 LSHI, FENBIANLIWEIQIANFENZHIYI (JI0.001) GEDANWEI, DUISHIJIANWEI1 ms。QIJISHIQIWUCHAKEYIHULVEBUJI, JIu2=u3=0。BIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIWEIWOLUNLIULIANGJI, QICHUANGANQIYUPEITAOZHUANHUANQIWEIYITI, JIANDINGSHISHIYIQIJIANDINGDE, ZEu4=0。BIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIJIANDINGHESHIYONGDELIUTIDOUSHI3#HANGKONGMEIYOU, GUu5=0。BIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIYIBIAOXISHUDEZHONGFUXINGWEI0.02%, ANGUICHENGKEHULVEBUJI, JIu6=0。

  DUIYUBIAOZHUNLIULIANGJICELIANGALEIBUQUEDINGDUu1DEJISUAN, DUIDINGDIANSHIYONGDELIULIANGJI, SHIYONGYIBIAOXISHUSHI, YOU

计算公式

 

  SHIZHONG:Si——DIiGEJIANDINGDIANALEIBIAOZHUNBUQUEDINGDU;

排列三和值走势图   σKi——DIiGEJIANDINGDIANYIBIAOXISHUDEBIAOZHUNPIANCHA, 1/m3;

  Ki——DIiGEJIANDINGDIANYIBIAOXISHUDEPINGJUNZHI, 1/m3BENZHUANGZHIBIAODINGGUANXIANZHIYOUYITAIBIAOZHUNBIAO, QIBIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIDEALEIBUQUEDINGDUu1,

计算公式

排列三和值走势图  

  GENJUWOLUNLIULIANGJIDEJIANDINGJILU, GETIAOBIAODINGGUANXIANZHONGBIAOZHUNWOLUNLIULIANGJIYOU: (S1) max=0.02%, GUQUu1=0.02%。

排列三和值走势图   GENJUYISHANGFENXI, BENZHUANGZHIBUQUEDINGDUWEI

计算公式

排列三和值走势图  

排列三和值走势图   SHIZHONG:u1=0.002%;

  u7——JIANDINGBIAOZHUNLIULIANGJIDELIULIANGBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEHECHENGBUQUEDINGDU

4、结语:

  ZHONGDIANDUIZHUANGZHIZHIGUANDUANDEZHANGDUJINXINGXUANZE, QUEBAOBUTONGNIANDUXIA3#HANGKONGMEIYOUZAIJINRUWOLUNLIULIANGJIZHIQIANJUNYOUWENDINGDEJUNYUNDELIUDONGZHUANGTAI。DUIZHUANGZHIZHENGTIDEBUQUEDINGDUFENPEIJINXINGJISUAN, QUEDINGLEBIAOZHUNBIAO、WENDUBIANSONGQI、YALIBIANSONGQIDEXUANZEFANGAN。BENZHUANGZHIDEYANZHI, DADASUODUANLEJICHANGJIAYOUJIYIBIAOBIAODINGDESHIJIAN。ZHUANGZHITIJIXIAO、JIEGOUJIANDAN、CAOZUOFANGBIAN。BENZHUANGZHIDEYANJIUYOULIYUBIAOZHUNZHUANGZHIDEPUJI, DUILIULIANGJIDEYANFAYIJISHENGCHANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。



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